The Old Booksmith


Ancestors of Cordelia Jane Leathers






Generation One

1. Cordelia Jane1 Leathers (John, #2). Born 14 August 1862 at Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa [Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960]. Married Joseph Myers, son of John Ledford Myers and Welthy Fuller, 11 May 1882 at What Cheer, Keokuk County, Iowa [Keokuk County, Iowa, Marriage records; Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960]. Died 3 March 1895 at Wichita, Sedgewick County, Kansas, of complications in childbirth.






Generation Two

2. John Henry2 Leathers (Sanford, #4). Born 4 July 1836 in Morgan County, Indiana [Iowa Death Certificate no. 68-673; Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960]. Married Margaret Ann Mattox (see #3), daughter of Peter Mattox and Elizabeth Smith, 9 August 1860 probably in Mahaska County, Iowa. Died 3 March 1907 in Mahaska County, Iowa [Iowa Death Certificate no. 68-673]. The county death record calls him a "retired merchant" who died of paralysis; the informant was his son-in-law, J. A. Wheeler, of Oskaloosa. [Mahaska County, Iowa, Death Records, Bk. 3, p. 21]. Buried in Forest Cemetery, Mahaska County, Iowa.

Henry (as he was known) moved briefly into Oskaloosa in 1876 and moved to What Cheer, Keokuk County, in 1880. He was a member of the Christian Church.

Henry appears on the 1860 census in Monroe Township, Mahaska County, Iowa:

     Leathers, John H., 24 yrs, b. Indiana, Farmer (real estate = $400; personal estate = $100)
                      Elizabeth, 22 yrs, b. Pennsylvania?
                      Kitty, 1 yr, b. Indiana
     Thompson, Tanner, 28 yrs, b. Ohio, Farmer (personal estate = $100)
     [U.S. Census, Iowa, Mahaska County, 1860, Monroe Twp, p. 345.]
     [NOTE: Elizabeth is not John Henry's daughter, nor (probably) his sister. Kitty appears to be Elizabeth's daughter. Is Elizabeth perhaps a widowed sister-in-law. . . ?]

He also appears on the 1870 census in Monroe Township, Mahaska County, Iowa:

     Leathers, J. H., 32 yrs, b. Indiana, Farmer (real estate = $2,700; personal estate = $890)
                      Margaret A., wife, 27 yrs, b. Iowa
                      Cordelia, dau, 7 yrs,b. Iowa
                      Adalade, dau, 5 yrs, b. Ipwa
     [U.S. Census, Iowa, Mahaska County, 1870, Monroe Twp, p. 293.]

In 1876, he was working as a clerk for his father-in-law, Henry Mattox, in Oskaloosa, and lived at the northwest corner of Ellen & Kossuth [Oskaloosa, Iowa, City Directories, 1876-77, p. 61]. By 1878, was a "dealer in general merchandise" and owned 160 A. (valued at $40/acre) in Monroe Township, Mahaska County [The History of Mahaska County, Iowa (Des Moines: Union Historical Co, 1878), pp.700-1]. He was also a member of the Christian Church.

In 1880, he moved to What Cheer, Keokuk County, where he established a grocery business under the name "Leathers & Wheeler" in partnership with his son-in-law, J. A. Wheeler. The store burned c1890 and he returned to Oskaloosa.

In 1892, he was living at 301 "C" St North, Oskaloosa [Oskaloosa, Iowa, City Directories, 1892, p. 75 & 1896-97].

He appears again on the 1900 census of Jefferson Township, Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa:

     Leathers, John, b. July 1836 Indiana (parents, b. Indiana), marr. 40 yrs, Groceryman
                     Margaret, wife, b. October 1840 Ohio (father, b. Pennsylvania; mother, b. Ohio), 2 children, 1 living
     Wheeler, John A., son/law, b. October 1864 Wisconsin (parents, b. Wisconsin), Groceryman
                     Mary, wife, b. August 1864 Iowa
     Myers, Cordelia J., grand-dau, b. February 1895 Kansas (parents, b. Iowa)
     [U.S. Census, Iowa, Mahaska County, 1900, Oskaloosa City, ED 69, p. 3].

Children of John Henry2 Leathers and Margaret Ann Mattox (see #3), all born at Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa, were as follows:

  • 1 i. Cordelia Jane1 Leathers.

  • ii. Mary Adelaide Leathers; born 8 August 1864 [Smith, Cordelia (Myers); married John Alfred Wheeler 11 May 1892 at Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa (no children); died 19 July 1927 in San Diego, California, on a visit to her grand-neice; buried in Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa [Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960].






3. Margaret Ann2 Mattox (Peter, #6). Born 22 October 1840 in Union County, Ohio [Iowa Death Certificate no. 68-673; Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960]. Died 7 January 1929 at Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa, of influenza [Iowa Death Certificate no. 68-673]. Buried in Forest Cemetery, Mahaska County, Iowa.

"Grandma Leathers" raised her granddaughter (my grandmother) after the early deaths of her daughter and son-in-law.






Generation Three

4. Sanford3 Leathers (Charles, #8). According to Cordelia's notes, he was born about 1816, probably in Franklin County, Kentucky. However, it may have been 1814 [Keo-Mah Genealogical Society (Oskaloosa, Iowa), Researchers File]. He obtained a marriage license 18 August 1835 in Morgan County, Indiana ["Morgan County Marriage Records," Hoosier Genealogist 10 (May-June 1970): 32] and married 1st Elizabeth Saunders (see #5), daughter of George Saunders, 20 August 1835 [Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960; "Morgan County Marriage Records"; Keo-Mah Genealogical Society, Researchers File; Winfield G. Leathers, query posted 1975, manuscript lineage, assorted notes and letters]. He married 2nd Sarah —(?)— 20 April 1851 Mahaska County, Iowa (her 2nd husband) [Mahaska County, Iowa, Marriage Records, Bk 1, p. 311; Keo-Mah Genealogical Society, Researchers File]. Died 3 February 1872 Keokuk County, Iowa [Keo-Mah Genealogical Society, Researchers File] and was buried in Garrett Cemetery, Delta, Keokuk County, Iowa [Keo-Mah Genealogical Society, Researchers File; Judy Swanson, Family Group Sheet, Ottumwa, Iowa, 1984].

Sanford appeared on the 1840 census in Morgan County, Indiana:

     Leathers, Sanford   (agriculture - 1)
               Males: under 5 -2          Females: 20-30 - 1
                           20-30 - 1     
     [U.S. Census, Indiana, Morgan County, 1840, p. 587.].

About 1848, Sanford migrated with his family from Indiana to newly homesteaded land at Lanchester (near Rose Hill), Mahaska County, Iowa.

Sanford was a member of the Mt. Gilead Christian Church in Mahaska County: "Sister Sally Sanders identified with us. Tollince Williamson made profession of faith; the same evening was baptised. At night, Louisa Hicklin and Sanford Leathers made profession of faith." Again, "Brother and Sister Sandford Leathers identified with us." [E-mail message from Jill Hartwig, 9 November 2001, citing undated Mt. Gilead Church transcripts] (I assume "Sally Sanders" was either his wife Elizabeth or a sister-in-law.)

He appeared on the 1850 census in Mahaska County, Iowa:

     Leathers, Sanford, 36 yrs, b. Kentucky, Farmer (real estate = $700)
                      Elizabeth, wife, 37 yrs, b. Kentucky
                      John H., son, 14 yrs, b. Iowa
                      Josiah, son, 12 yrs, b. Iowa
                      Mary A., dau, 9 yrs, b. Iowa
                      George W., son, 7 yrs, b. Iowa
                      Sarah J., dau, 5 yrs, b. Iowa
                      Thomas J., son, 3 yrs, b. Iowa
                      James W., son, 10 months, b. Iowa
     [U.S. Census, Iowa, Mahaska County, 1850, p. 207.]

Sanford and his brother, William Leathers, took part in two land transactions in Mahaska County in 1853. On 13 January, William sold Sanford the S1/2 of the W1/2 of the SE1/4 of Section 24, Township 76 Range 14 [Mahaska County, Iowa, Deed Books, Bk F, p. 127]. Then, on 20 April, Sanford sold William the NW1/4 of the SW1/2 of the SW1/4 of the NW1/4 of Section 24, Township 76, Range 14 [Mahaska County, Iowa, Deed Books, Bk D, p. 738].

He also appeared on the 1860 census of Monroe Township, Mahaska County, Iowa:

     Leathers, Sanford, 45 yrs, b. Kentucky, Farmer (real estate = $2,400; personal estate = $1,050), cannot read/write
                      Sarah, wife, 44 yrs, b. New York
                      George W., son, 17 yrs, b. Indiana, Farm laborer
                      Thomas, son, 13 yrs, b. Iowa
                      James W., son, 10 yrs, b. Iowa
    Rhea, Carlisle, 15 yrs, b. Ohio, Farm laborer
               Louisa, 16 yrs, b. Ohio
    Carpenter, Emma, 6 yrs, b. Indiana
    Leathers, Josiah, son, 24 yrs, b. Indiana, Farmer (real estate = $400; personal estate = $100)
    [U.S. Census, Iowa, Mahaska County, 1860, Monroe Twp, p. 345.]

I recently discovered that Sanford was a Democrat during the Civil War with the conviction of his beliefs, or at least the willingness to speak up in public. He was what the Republicans called a "Copperhead" — someone who dared to disagree with the Northern prosecution of the War against the Southern states — and it got him in trouble with the authorities. (And keep in mind that Lincoln, the great humanitarian and constitutionalist, had suspended habeas corpus and many other civil liberties for the duration in order to smother opposition to his policies. I never did like that smug, self-righteous Illinois railroad lawyer. . . .)

State of Iowa
vs. Before John Rogers, Co. Judge
Sanford Leathers et al

August 1st 1863
        Comes Peter A. Esmoril by H. S. Winslow Prosecuting Attorney for the 6th Judicial District of the State of Iowa and files his information on oath and charging Santford Leathers et al with the crime of Conspiracy. Whereupon a Warrant is issued for the arrest of the said Sanford Leathers and placed in the hands of W. B. Merriam, Deputy Sheriff.

August 10th 1863
        Comes W. B. Merriam and makes return of Warrant and brings the Defendant before me who waives and examination.

        It is therefore ordered and agreed that there is probable cause of the holding the Defendant to answer to said charge of Conspiracy and he is admitted to bail and is required to enter into bond in the sum of one thousand dollars with approved security conditioned for his appearance of the next term of the District court to answer said charge.

        And now Defendant gives Bond ad reguina with Russel V. Higgins and Mr. Smale as securities and is discharged from custody.
        John Rogers, Co. Judge


Costs of Co. Judge

        Warrant                                                     .50
        Record                                                        .20
        Hearing cause 1 day                                2.00
        Judgemant                                                 .50
        Bond                                                           .25
        Certified transcript                                    .50
        [Total]                                                     $3.95
Sheriff's Costs                                                 $2.90

[E-mail message from Jill Hartwig, 11 November 2001.]

Sanford also appeared on the 1870 census in Monroe Township, Mahaska County, Iowa:

     Leathers, Sanford, 55 yrs, b. Kentucky, Retired Farmer (real estate = $5,000; personal estate = $400)
                     Sally, wife, 52 yrs, b. New York
     Carpenter, Emma, 16 yrs, b. Indiana
     [U.S. Census, Iowa, Mahaska County, 1870, Monroe Twp, p. 298].

Children of Sanford3 Leathers and Elizabeth Saunders (see #5), all but the last born in Morgan County, Indiana, were as follows:

  • 2 i. John Henry2 Leathers.

  •    ii. Josiah Carpenter Leathers; born 30 November 1837 [U.S. Census, Iowa, Mahaska County, 1860, Monroe Twp, p. 345; Letter from Bob Griswold (Endicott, New York), 2 May 1989] or possibly 30 November 1838 [Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c1950-1960]; married Amy Ziegler 26 December 1861 in Mahaska County, Iowa (had 10 children) [Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960]; died 12 December 1913 at Fairfield, Jefferson County, Iowa [Letter, Bob Griswold, 1989]. He served as a private in Company C, 40th Iowa Volunteer Infantry [History of Mahaska County, Iowa, pp.433-34].

  •    iii. Cyrus Leathers; born 1838-1840?; died after 1900 probably at Fairfield, Mahaska County, Iowa.

    Cyrus appeared on the 1870 census in Monroe Twp, Mahaska County, Iowa:

         Leathers, Josiah, 32 yrs, b. Indiana, Farmer ([no real estate]; personal estate = $425)
                          Amy, wife, 32 yrs, b. Ohio
                          Samuel S., son, 3 yrs, b. Iowa
                          Flora, dau, 1 yr, b. Iowa
         [U.S. Census, Iowa, Mahaska County, 1870, Monroe Twp, p. 294.]

  •    iv. Mary Ann Leathers; born 17 April 1841; married 1st Caspar Zeigler 8 April 1858 (ceremony performed by Rev. Eleazer Snodgrass) [Mahaska County, Iowa, Marriage Records, Bk 3, p. 35]; married 2nd John F. Snodgrass after 1864 in Iowa; died 12 May 1906 probably in Mahaska County, Iowa [Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960].

  •    v. George Washington Leathers; born 25 March 1843; married Nancy Tipton October 1865 probably at What Cheer, Keokuk County, Iowa; died 22 April 1913 at What Cheer, Keokuk County, Iowa [Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960].

    George W. appeared on the census of 1870 Monroe Twp, Mahaska County, Iowa:

         Leathers, G. W., 28 yrs, b. Indiana     Farmer (value of personal estate = $1,077; no real estate)
                         Nancy, wife, 26 yrs, b. Ohio
                         Charlie R., son, 1 yr, b. Iowa
         [U.S. Census, Iowa, Mahaska County, 1870, Monroe Twp, p. 294.]

  •    vi. Sarah Jane Leathers; born 30 January 1845 [Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960].

  •    vii. Thomas Jefferson Leathers; married Jane; born 29 October 1846 [Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960]; married Jane —(?)—; died after 1900 (Illinois?). In 1890, he was a Methodist Episcopal minister in St. David, Illinois.

  •    viii. James William Leathers; born 22 April 1848 probably at Mahaska County, Iowa. He lived at Perry, Dallas County, Iowa. [Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960.]






5. Elizabeth3 Saunders (George, #12). Born 1816-1819 in Kentucky. Married Sanford Leathers (see #4), son of Charles Leathers and Nancy Arbuckle, 20 August 1835 Morgan County, Indiana (his 1st wife) [Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960; "Morgan County Marriage Records"; Keo-Mah Genealogical Society, Researchers File; Winfield G. Leathers, query posted 1975, manuscript lineage, assorted notes and letters]. Died 3 March 1851 Mahaska County, Iowa [E-mail message from Jill Hartwig, 6 November 2001].

She was a member of the Mt. Gilead Christian Church in Mahaska County:

A dissatisfaction having taken place in the church at Friendship in consequence of the right to the ground on which the meeting house stands, it is not good. In consequence of which we, the church at Mt. Gilead, principally having been members of the church at Friendship, have gone into a constitution as follows. . . . We therefore convened at the school house near Sinking Creek, recently occupied by Lowell Summers in madison Township, Morgan County, Indiana on the 22nd day of March in the year of our Lord 1835. This agreement was signed by Enoch Summers, Alsy Summers, John Lowder, Emiline Lowder, James Randolph, George H. Randolph, John McNabb, Andrew McNabb, Susannah McNabb, Cassandra McNabb, Pollyann McNabb, Elizabeth McNabb, David Casity, Katherine Johnson, Sarah Sells, Allie Cox, Elizabeth Sanders, and Polly Duree.
        [E-mail from Jill Hartwig, 9 November 2001 (citing Mt. Gilead Church transcripts)]






6. Peter3 Mattox (Henry, #12). Born 11 February 1799 in Erie County, Pennsylvania . Married 1st Sarah Swisher 20 March 1820 in Ohio. Married 2nd Elizabeth Smith (see #7), daughter of Job Smith and Frances —(?)—, 20 March 1832 in Ohio. Died 11 February 1886 "in the woods about two miles northeast of Oskaloosa," by "accidental discharge of revolver in his own hand" [Suicide? He had been a widower for three years. . . .]. Buried Forest Lawn Cemetery (after the spring thaw) [Mahaska County, Iowa, Death Records, Book 1, p. 45]. Family story is that he died 18 February 1886 at the home of his son, Henry, in Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa [Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960].

He appeared on the 1820 census in Springfield Township, Clark County, Ohio:

     Mattox, Peter (agriculture - 1)
     Males: under 10 - 2          Females: 10-15 - 1
                 10-15 - 1                               16-25 - 1
                 16-25 - 2                                over 45 - 1

He appeared on the 1840 census in Moulton Township, Allen County, Ohio:

     Mattox, Peter (agriculture - 1)
     Males: under 5 - 1                    Females: under 5 - 1
                 5-10 - 2                                         20-30 - 1
                 10-15 - 2
                 15-20 - 1
                 40-50 - 1

He appeared on the 1850 census in Perry Township, Logan County, Ohio:

     Mattox, Peter, 51 yrs, b. Pennsylvania, Miller (real estate = $1,800)
                  Elizabeth, wife, 35 yrs, b. Ohio
                  Cyrus, son, 18 yrs, b. Ohio, Laborer
                  James, son, 16 yrs, b. Ohio, Laborer
                  Sarah, dau, 14 yrs, b. Ohio
                  Wallace, son, 12 yrs, b. Ohio
                  Margaret A., dau, 10 yrs, b. Ohio
                  Simon P., son, 8 yrs, b. Ohio

Peter migrated with his family to Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa, between 1851 and 1857.

He appeared on the 1860 census in Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa:

     Mattox, Peter, 64 yrs, b. Pennsylvania, Farmer (real estate = $800; personal estate = $400)
                  Elizabeth, wife, 44 yrs, b. Ohio, cannot read/write
                  Margaret M., dau, 18 yrs, b. Ohio, Seamstress
                  Simon Peter, son, 17 yrs, b. Ohio, Farm Laborer

He moved again, to Winterset in Davis County, in 1867, and then returned to Oskaloosa in 1881. I have not been able yet to locate him in the 1870 census.

Children of Peter3 Mattox and Elizabeth Smith (see #7) were as follows:

  •    i. Cyrus Montgomery Mattox; born 30 November 1833 in Ohio [U.S. Census, Iowa, Mahaska County, 1880, p. 347; Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960]; married Mary J. Wormley 14 December 1853 in Mahaska County, Iowa; died 17 November 1884 at Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa (worked as plasterer; died of injury to spinal cord [Mahaska County, Iowa, Death Records, Bk. 1, p. 29]).

    He appeared on the 1860 census in Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa:

         Mattox, C. M., 26 yrs, b. Ohio, Bricklayer (real estate = $1,000; personal estate = $200)
                      Mary J., wife, 23 yrs, b. Pennsylvania
                      Florence E., dau, 4 yrs, b. Iowa
                      William W., son, 1 yr, b. Iowa

    He appeared on the 1870 census in Mahaska County, Iowa (6/6):

         Mattox, Cyrus M., 35 yrs, Stone Mason (real estate = $4,000; personal estate = $230), b. Ohio
                      Mary J., wife, 30 yrs, Keeping House, b. Pennsylvania
                      Flora, dau, 14 yrs, b. Iowa
                      William,son, 11 yrs, b. Iowa
                      Ida M., dau, 8 yrs, b. Iowa

    In 1876, Cyrus and his family were living with Henry Mattox at the northeast corner of South & Walnut Streets in Oskaloosa [Oskaloosa, Iowa, City Directories, 1876-77, p. 68].

    He appeared on the 1880 census living on South St., Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa:

         Mattox, Cyrus M., 48 yrs, b. Ohio (father, b. Pennsylvania; mother, b. Ohio), Plasterer
                      Mary J., wife, 44 yrs, b. Pennsylvania (parents, b. Pennsylvania)
                      William W., son, 20 yrs, b. Iowa, Plasterer
                      Ida M., dau, 18 yrs, b. Iowa

    In 1882, Cyrus was living on the north side of South Street, two blocks east of Walnut in Oskaloosa [Oskaloosa, Iowa, City Directories, 1882-83, p. 68].

  •    ii. James Riley Mattox; born 21 July 1834 in Ohio [U.S. Census, Iowa, Mahaska County, 1880, ED 177, p. 16; Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960]; married 1st Evaline —(?)— c1854 in Ohio; married F. Annie —(?)— c1872 in Mahaska County, Iowa [U.S. Census, Iowa, Mahaska County, 1880, ED 177, p. 16]; died 15 July 19-- (in Iowa?).

    James Riley migrated to Mahaska County, Iowa between 1856 and 1858.

    He appeared on the 1860 census in White Oak Township, Mahaska County:

         Mattox, James, 26 yrs, b. Ohio, Farmer (real estate = $400; personal estate = $200)
                      Eveline, wife, 27 yrs, b. Ohio
                      L. Rollin(?), son, 5 yrs, b. Ohio
                      Ailphia(?), dau, 1 yr, b. Iowa

    I haven't found him yet in the 1870 census, but he appeared again on the 1880 census in White Oak Township, Mahaska County, Iowa:

         Mattox, J. R., 46 yrs, b. Indiana, [no occupation given]
                      F. Annie, wife, 28 yrs, b. Pennsylvania
                      Effie D., dau, 7 yrs, b. Iowa
                      Emma, dau, 3 yrs, b. Iowa
                      James R. [Riley?], son, 1 yr, b. Iowa
                      Harry, son, 5 yrs, b. Iowa

  •    iii. Sarah Jane Mattox; born 10 January 1836 in Ohio; married 1st —(?)— Wollum; married 2nd —(?)— Cummings; married 3rd Frederick Wormley 14 August 1894 in Keokuk County, Iowa; died 20 June 1903 (in Iowa?) [Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960].

  •    iv. William Wallace Ruthvan2 Mattox; born 21 April 1838 in Ohio; married Elizabeth S. Phinney 1867 at Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa (by Silas Johnson, minister) [Mahaska County, Iowa, Marriage Records, Bk. 4, p. 88]; died 12 July 1921 in Shanghai, China (where he had been a Methodist missionary for many years).

    He appeared on the 1870 census in Scott Township, Madison County, Iowa:

         Mattox, William, 31 yrs, b. Ohio, Farmer (real estate = $3,050; personal estate, $721), cannot read/write
                      Elizabeth, wife, 27 yrs, b. Ohio, cannot read/write
                      Elmer, son, 1 yr, b. Iowa
                      Peter, father, 71 yrs, b. Pennsylvania, Farm Laborer, cannot read/write
                      Elizabeth, mother, 55 yrs, b. Ohio, cannot read/write

    He appeared on the 1880 census in Scott Township, Madison County, Iowa:

         Mattox, William R., 42 yrs, b. Ohio (father, b. Pennsylvania; mother, b. Ohio), Farmer
                      Elizabeth S., wife, 37 yrs, b. Ohio (parents, b. Vermont)
                      Elmer L., son, 11 yrs, b. Iowa
                      Ernest E., son, 9 yrs, b. Iowa
                      Oren O., son, 8 yrs, b. Iowa
                      Fred P., son, 6 yrs, b. Iowa
         Frew, James M., tenant, 47 yrs, b. Pennsylvania (parents, b. Pennsylvania)
              [NOTE: This entry is duplicated on p. 42 & p. 117.]

  • 3 v. Margaret Ann Mattox.

  •    vi. Simon Peter Mattox; born 25 March 1843 probably in Union County, Ohio; supposedly died 1862-1865, in the War (place unknown) [Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960].






7. Elizabeth3 Smith (Job, #14). Born 20 August 1814 in Muskingum County, Ohio. Married Peter Mattox (see #6), son of Henry Mattox and Sarah Unknown, 20 March 1832 Ohio (his 2nd wife). Died 15 July 1883 at Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa. Buried in Forest Lawn Cemetery, Oskaloosa, Mahaska County, Iowa [Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960].






Generation Four

8. Charles4 Leathers (Nicholas, #16). Born 1776 probably in Virginia, according to information on grave marker [Leathers family plot, East White Lick Cemetery, Morgan County, Indiana]. He and Nancy Arbuckle obtained a marriage license 18 October 1798 Franklin County, Kentucky. Married Nancy Arbuckle (see #9), daughter(?) of Samuel Arbuckle and Barbara —(?)—, 20 October 1798 in Franklin County, Kentucky (performed by John Tanner) [Elizabeth Prather Ellsberry (comp), Marriage Records of Franklin County, Kentucky, 1790-1815 (Chilicothe, MO: The Author, nd), v. 1, p. 2]. Died 1847 in Morgan County, Indiana. Buried in East White Lick Cemetery, Morgan County, Indiana [Leathers family plot, East White Lick Cemetery, Morgan County, Indiana].

NOTE: Permission was given for Samuel's ward's marriage:

Franklin County October 19th Day, 1798.
      Sir: please to grant Leave for Charles Leathers and Nancy Arbuckle to be Married Where unto I have given my Consent and set my hand.
      Samuel   X   Arbuckle gardien.
Witnesses: Edmond Hogan, C. Bussey.
Bond: Charles Leathers, Ed. Hogan.

Charles appeared on the 1796 tax list in Woodford County, Kentucky, together with Nicholas Leathers Jr. and Charles S. Leathers, to which he was obviously related. (In fact, this is the only year between 1790 and 1799 in which they all appear at one time in this county.) [Woodford County, [Kentucky Taxpayers, 1790 through 1799 (Miami Beach, FL: T.L.C. Genealogy, 1990)]. He also appeared on the tax list of 7 July 1800 in Nelson County, Kentucky [Kentucky, Reconstructed tax lists, 1800].

He appeared on the 1820 census in Franklin County, Kentucky:

     Leathers, "Chalres" (commerce - 1)
          Males: under 10 - 3               Females: under 10 - 2
                          10-16 - 2                                     10-16 - 1
                       over 45 - 1                                     16-26 - 1
                                                                             26-45 - 1

He also appeared on the 1830 census in Anderson County, Kentucky:

     Leathers, Charles (commerce - 1)
          Males: 10-15 - 1                         Females: 5-10 - 1
                     15-20 - 1                                        10-15 - 1
                     20-30 - 1                                        15-20 - 1
                     50-60 - 1                                        40-50 - 1

Children of Charles4 Leathers and Nancy Arbuckle (see #9), all probably born in Franklin County, Kentucky, were as follows:

  •    i. Thomas Jefferson3 Leathers; born 1806 Franklin County? Kentucky [The People's Guide: A Business, Political and Religious Directory of Morgan Co., Ind (Indianapolis: Indianapolis Printing & Publishing House, 1904), Madison Township, p. 307]; married Nancy Thacker in Kentucky [Karen,Welch, Letter, 9 November 1981]; died 1840-1850 in Morgan County, Indiana.

    Thomas J. came from Franklin County, Kentucky to Morgan County, Indiana, in 1828 with his brother, James M. Leathers.

    He appeared on the census of 1830 Morgan County, Indiana:

         Leathers, Thomas J.
              Males: under 5 - 1               Females: 15-20
                            15-20 - 1
                            20-30 - 1

    He purchased 75.41 acres of land from the U.S. Government (E 1/2 of NE 1/4 of Township 13N Range 2E Section 5) on 28 December 1835 in Morgan County, Indiana [Morgan County, Indiana Original Land Sales from the U. S. Government].

    He appeared on the census of 1840 Morgan County, Indiana:

         Leathers, Thomas J. (agriculture - 1)
              Males: under 5 - 1               Females: under 5 -1
                              5-10 - 1                                   5-10 - 1
                            10-15 - 1                                 20-30 - 1
                            30-40 - 1

  •    ii. John B. Leathers; born 1807? Franklin County?, Kentucky; he and Rebecca Worthington (his 1st wife) obtained a marriage license 14 October 1835 in Morgan County, Indiana ["Morgan County Marriage Records."; Winfield G. Leathers, Query posted 1975, manuscript lineage, assorted notes and letters]; died after 1880 Indiana [Winfield G. Leathers].

    He appeared on the 1830 census in Anderson County, Kentucky:

         Leathers, John
              Males: under 5 - 1                         Females: under 5 - 1
                            30-40 - 1                                              5-10 - 1
                                                                                       20-30 - 2 [?]

    He appeared on 1840 census in Morgan County, Indiana:

         Leathers, John (agriculture - 1)
              Males: under 5 - 1                         Females: under 5 - 1
                            30-40 - 1                                              5-10 - 1
                                                                                       20-30 - 2 [?]

    He also appeared on the 1850 census in Madison Township, Morgan County, Indiana:

         Leathers, John, 43 yrs, b. Kentucky, Farmer
                         Rebecca, wife, 29 yrs, b. Kentucky
                         Joseph, son, 13 yrs, b. Indiana
                         Elizabeth, dau, 11 yrs, b. Indiana
                         Sarah, dau, 6 yrs, b. Indiana
                         Georgeann, dau, 3 yrs, b. Indiana

  •    iii. William Leathers; born 1812? Franklin County?, Kentucky (or was he born 1815 in Bath County, Kentucky? [Judy Swanson, Family Group Sheet, Ottumwa, Iowa, Public Library, 1984]; he and Rachel McPherson obtained a marriage license 12 September 1835 ["Morgan County Marriage Records."; Winfield G. Leathers, Query posted 1975, manuscript lineage, assorted notes and letters]; they were married 13 September 1835 in Morgan County, Indiana; died 3 June 1893 Delta, Keokuk County, Iowa [Judy Swanson, Family Group Sheet]; buried in Garret Cemetery, Delta, Keokuk County, Iowa [Judy Swanson, Family Group Sheet].

    William purchased 40 acres from the U.S. Government, (NE 1/4 of NW 1/4 of Township 13N Range 2E Section 15) on 8 August 1835 in Morgan County, Indiana [Morgan County, Indiana Original Land Sales from the U. S. Government].

    He appeared on the 1840 census in Clark County, Indiana:

         Leathers, William (agriculture - 1)
              Males: 20-30 - 1               Females: under 5 - 1
                                                                           5-10 - 2
                                                                         30-40 - 1

    William migrated to Keokuk County, Iowa, c1846 [Ruth Shrake, Letter , 29 November 1981].

    He appeared on the 1850 census in Keokuk County, Iowa:

         "Lethres", William, 37 yrs, b. Kentucky, Farmer (real estate = $15 [?!]), cannot read/write
                          Rachel, wife, 35 yrs, b. Kentucky, cannot read/write
                          Frances, dau, 14 yrs, b. Indiana
                          Nancy A., dau, 12 yrs, b. Indiana
                          Mary A., dau, 10 yrs, b. Indiana
                          Andrew, son, 6 yrs, b. Indiana
                          Martha P., dau, 2 yrs, b. Iowa
                          Eliza P., dau,3 mos, b. Iowa

    He appeared on the 1860 census in Monroe, Mahaska County, Iowa:

         Leathers, William, 48 yrs, b. Kentucky, Farmer, cannot read/write
                          Rachel, wife, 46 yrs, b. Kentucky, cannot read/write
                          Andrew, son, 17 yrs, b. Indiana, Farm laborer
                          Martha J., dau, 12 yrs, b. Iowa
                          Eliza J., dau, 10 yrs, b. Iowa
                          Sanford, son, 7 yrs, b. Iowa
                          Sarah, dau, 5 yrs, b. Iowa
                          Susan, dau, 3 yrs, b. Iowa

  •    iv. James Madison Leathers; born 17 May 1814; gave bond for his marriage to Martha Jane MacDonald (his 1st wife) 15 September 1835 in Morgan County, Indiana, and they were married 17 September [Morgan County Marriage Records]; he married 2nd Phoebe T. Burge, daughter of Rev H. T. Burge, 5 November 1871 in Morgan County, Indiana (her 2nd husband) [Winfield G. Leathers, query posted 1975, manuscript lineage, assorted notes and letters]; died 3 July 1880 in Morgan County, Iowa.

    JAMES MADISON LEATHERS (deceased), native of Franklin County, Ky., was born May 15, 1814, and died July 3, 1880. In 1828, he accompanied his brother Thomas J. into Indiana, and spent the rest of his life in Morgan County. His school advantages were very limited, though he learned something of reading, writing and arithmetic by attendance at the subscription schools when not engaged upon the farm. He married Martha Jane McDonald September 15, 1835, and she bore him twelve children — William W. (deceased), Charles S., Nancy A., Mary, Theodore (deceased), John (deceased), Margaret (deceased), Samuel (deceased), Sarah M., Harrison, Douglass and Mintie E. From the age of fourteen years until the day of his death, subject was a consistent member of the Christian Church, and was for many years a Master Mason. His first wife died March 4, 1871, and November 5, of the same year, he was married in Morgan County, Ind., to Phoebe T. Jones, daughter of the Rev. H. T. Burge. By this marriage he had born to him three children — Florence Mabel, Bessie B. (deceased), and Samuel M. Mr. L. left his family a nice property, consisting, among other things, of a fine farm of 183 acres, which his widow manages with skill and success. He was a great religious worker, educated his children, and voted the Democratic ticket with persistent regularity.
    [Charles Blanchard, Counties of Morgan, Monroe and Brown, Indiana (n.p.: F.A. Battey & Co., 1884), p.228.]

    James appeared on the 1840 census of Morgan County, Indiana:

         Leathers, James M. (agriculture - 1)
                        Males: under 5 - 2               Females: 20-30 - 1
                                      20-30 - 1

    He also appeared on the 1850 census of Monroe Township, Morgan County, Indiana:

         Leathers, James M., 36 yrs, b. Kentucky, Farmer (real estate = $1,500)
                         Martha, wife, 32 yrs, b. Kentucky
                         William, son, 14 yrs, b. Indiana
                         Charles, son, 12 yrs, b. Indiana
                         Nancy, dau, 10 yrs, b. Indiana
                         Mary, dau, 8 yrs, b. Indiana
                         Samuel, dau, 6 yrs, b. Indiana
                         Commadore, son, 4 yrs, b. Indiana
                         John B., son, 1 yr, b. Indiana

    James was an active Democrat in 1874 and resided 3.5 miles southeast of Mooresville. He was also a Master Mason. [The People's Guide . . . of Morgan Co., Ind, Brown Twp, p. 194.]

  • 4 v. Sanford Leathers.

  • vi. Frances Leathers; born 1800-1810 probably in Franklin County, Kentucky; married John Deer 19 May 1823 Kentucky; died before 1850 Kentucky [Winfield G. Leathers, query posted 1975, manuscript lineage, assorted notes and letters; communication from Esther Newman on Leathers Family Genealogy Forum, April 2001].

  • vii. Elizabeth Leathers; born c1805; married James Leathers [a cousin?] 15 June 1819 Franklin County(?), Kentucky; died 1845 [Winfield G. Leathers, query posted 1975, manuscript lineage, assorted notes and letters].

  • viii. Ann Leathers; born c1810 Kentucky; David Harris gave bond for their marriage, 3 May 1831, Anderson County, Kentucky (Bond: David Harris & Jesse Ellis).
            "I certify that a License was issued on this day for the Marriage of the above named parties by consent in writing of Charles Leathers, father of the said Ann Leathers, proven by the oath of William Leathers & Jacob Saffield, Subscribing Witnesses thereto (see it filed) Said David Harris being of the age of Twenty one years. Teste. N. C. Johnson Clk." [Anderson County, Kentucky Marriage Bonds, Book A, p. 2].

  • ix. Nancy Leathers; born 1810-1820 Kentucky; married Joseph Jackson 16 January1839 Indiana; died after 1880 Indiana [Winfield G. Leathers, Query posted 1975, manuscript lineage, assorted notes and letters].

  • x. Sarah Leathers; born 1817 Kentucky; married Fielding G. Carpenter 19 March 1839 Indiana; died after 1880 Indiana [Winfield G. Leathers, query posted 1975, manuscript lineage, assorted notes and letters].

  • xi. Winnifred Leathers; born c1820 Anderson County, Kentucky; married James H. Moore 26 December 1841 Indiana; died 1880-1882 Morgan County, Indiana [Winfield G. Leathers, query posted 1975, manuscript lineage, assorted notes and letters].






9. Nancy4 Arbuckle (possibly Samuel, #18). Born c.1780. (Judy Swanson says she was born in Franklin County, Kentucky, but this seems unlikely at that early date, and I suspect she was just making an assumption [Judy Swanson, Family Group Sheet, Ottumwa, Iowa, 1984]). Married Charles Leathers (see #8), son of Nicholas Leathers, 20 October 1798 Franklin County, Kentucky (Performed by John Tanner) [Ellsberry, Marriage Records of Franklin County, Kentucky].

Nancy appeared as head of household on the 1840 census in Morgan County, Indiana.

     Leathers, Nancy (agriculture - 1)
          Males: 20-30 - 1          Females: under 5 - 1
                     15-20 - 1                              10-15 - 2
                     20-30 - 1
                     50-60 - 1
                     80-90 - 1
          [Since there is a male aged 80-90 years in the 1840 household, it is assumed that either her father — who may or may not be Samuel — or her father-in-law (Nicholas Leathers, born 1750-1760), was living with her.]






10. George4 Saunders. Born c1780 North Carolina. His will was probated 1 May 1854 Keokuk County, Iowa [E-mail message from Jill Hartwig, 6 November 2001].

NOTE: Because of the age of his spouse in the censuses [see below] and because of the wide spread in the ages of his children, it appears likely that George was married at least twice. His second wife apparently died before the 1850 census.

George appeared on the 1820 census in Adair County, Kentucky:

     Sanders, George (agriculture = 2)
               Males: under 10 - 1          Females: under 10 - 2
                               10-16 - 3                                10-16 - 1
                            over 45 - 1                                 26-45 - 1
Note: Next door to George were the families of John Sanders and James Sanders, both aged 26-45, who probably were either his older sons or his younger brothers.

He appeared on the 1830 census of Morgan County, Indiana:

     Sanders, George
               Males: 5-10 - 1          Females: 10-15 - 1
                         15-20 - 1                          15-20 - 1
                         20-30 - 3                          20-30 - 1
                         50-60 - 1                          50-60 - 1

He also appeared on the 1840 census of Morgan County, Indiana:

     Sanders, George (agriculture - 2)
               Males: 15-20 - 1          Females: 15-20 - 1
                           20-30 - 1                          60-70 - 1
                           70-80 - 1

He appeared on the 1850 census of Keokuk County, Iowa:

     Hendrix, Thomas, 58 yrs, b. New York, Farmer (real estate = $400)
                    Pollina, 44 yrs, b. Kentucky
     Wiliamson, James A., 22 yrs, b. Kentucky, Merchant
     Seller, Hannah, 13 yrs, b. Indiana
     Sanders, George, 80 yrs, b. North Carolina, Farmer [no real estate listed]
                     Robert, 30 yrs, b. Kentucky
                     George [Jr], 23 yrs, b. Kentucky

Known children of George4 Saunders and an unknown spouse were as follows:

  • i. George3 Saunders Jr; born 1837 Kentucky(?) [But his father was in Morgan County, Indiana, in the 1830 census. . . .]

  • ii. Pauline Saunders; born 1806 Kentucky; married 1st Young Sellers; married 2nd Thomas Hendrix [E-mail message from Jill Hartwig, 6 November 200].

  • iii. Robert Saunders; born 1820 Kentucky. "Robert Sanders made profession of faith, baptised straightaway, and the same day added to the church." [E-mail message from Jill Hartwig, 9 November 2001 (citing Mt. Gilead Church transcripts).]

  • 5 iv. Elizabeth Saunders.






12. Henry4 Mattox. Born before 1775 probably in Pennsylvania. Married 1st Sarah —(?)— (see #13) before 1798 in Pennsylvania (her 1st husband). Died before 1820 in Ohio.

Known children of Henry4 Mattox and Sarah —(?)— (see #13) were:






13. Sarah4 —(?)—. Born before 1775 in Pennsylvania. Married 1st Henry Mattox (see #12) before 1798 in Pennsylvania. Married 2nd —(?)— Howard after 1820?.

According to family tradition, her 2nd husband had one leg and was known as "Peg Leg Howard."






14. Job4 Smith. Born 1775–77? in New Jersey. Married Frances —(?)— (see #15) before 1805? probably in Muskingum County, Ohio. [Cordelia (Myers) Smith, Family history notes, c.1950–1960.]

Because of the ages, the following items probably do not refer to my Job — but I have not found another "Job Smith" in Bergen County at this time. I wonder if the "Job" referred to is the father or another close kin of my Job. I need to further investigate this matter and also the existence of a Job Smith in Staten Island. . . .

17 May 1784: James Hetfield Jr having been maliciously accused of being instrumental and accessory to the illegal execution of Mr. Ball at Bergen Point in 1781, in justice to his own innocense requests that the following be inserted in this newspaper. (Here follows a Judges [sic] of Richmond County, NY, each to the effect that James Hetfield was in New York at the time or in other ways corroborating that he was not with the group which executed Ball.)
[New Jersey Gazette; Thomas B. Wilson, "Notices from New Jersey Newspapers 1781–1790", Records of New Jersey, Volume 1 (Lambertville, NJ: Hunterdon House, 1988)].



6 August 1784 — Phebe Smith, Staten Island, requests the Editor to publish two affidavits annexed to her letter. Her husband Job Smith was extradicted to New Jersey at the request of Governor Livingston and lodged in the Essex County gaol on 10 May 1784, then being charged with murdering Stephen Ball, late of Elizabeth Town, on Bergen Point in Bergen County, and also with robbing Joseph Baldwin and Zophar Lyon. After a strict investigation, his former prosecutors have found that Job Smith is innocent of the charge. David Ball certifies that while he heretofore had reason to believe that Mr Job Smith was instrumental in the death of his son who was executed and murdered in 1781, he now believes him to be innocent. Zophar Lyon, Joseph Baldwin and Luther Baldwin, in the presence of John Hendricks Jr and Baker Hendricks, certify that having fully investigated the charge against Job Smith for having robbed Zopher Lyon and Joseph Baldwin about October 1781, they believe him to be innocent.
[New York Gazetteer; see <www.altlaw.com/edball/html/d0050/i00738.htm>].

Job appears on the 1793 New Jersey militia census [implying that he was 18–45 at that time], as a member of the 8th Company "Stathems Neck," 2d Regt of Cumberland Militia, in Greenwich Twp, Cumberland County.

Job appeared on the 1820 census of Wayne Township, Warren County, Ohio:

     Smith, Job (agriculture - 1)
               Males: under 10 - 3          Females: under 10 - 4
                                10-16 - 2                               16-25 - 1
                                26-44 - 1                               26-44 - 1

He appeared on the 1830 census of Zane Township, Logan County, Ohio:

     Smith, Job
               Males:  5-10 - 2               Females:  under 5 - 1
                          15-20 - 2                                     5-10 - 1
                          50-60 - 1                                   10-15 - 2
                                                                            15-20 - 1
                                                                            20-30 - 1
                                                                            50-60 - 1

There is a Cash Entry Sale for Job Smith in the Zanesville Office, dated 1 December 1830, for 82.94 acres, Township 9N, Range 12W, Section 5 [U.S. Bureau of Land Management Files, Doc. #2081].

Job also appeared on the 1850 census of Perry Township, Logan County, Ohio:

     Smith, Job, 74 yrs, b. New Jersey, Farmer (real estate = $300)
                 Frances, wife, 65 yrs, b. Pennsylvania
                 Amelia, dau, 32 yrs, b. Ohio

Known children of Job4 Smith and Frances —(?)— (see #15) were as follows:

  • 7 i. Elizabeth3 Smith.

  • ii. Job Smith Jr; born 1812? in Ohio; married Mary —(?)— c1838 probably in Logan County, Ohio.

    Job Jr. appeared on the 1850 census of Perry Township, Logan County, Ohio:

         Smith, Job, 38 yrs, b. Ohio, Farmer (real estate = $450)
                    Mary, wife, 32 yrs, b. ______
                    Alonzo, son, 9 yrs, b. Ohio
                    Calvin, son, 7 yrs, b. Ohio
                    Samantha, dau, 5 yrs, b. Ohio
                    Arena, dau, 4 yrs, b. Ohio
                    Jasper, son, 3 yrs, b. Ohio

  • iii. Amelia Smith; born 1818? probably in Warren County, Ohio.






15. Frances4 —(?)—. Born 1786? in Pennsylvania.






Generation Five

16. Nicholas5 Leathers (John, #32). Born c1755 Orange County(?), Virginia. Died after 1801 Anderson County(?), Kentucky. Buried in Nicholas Leathers Cemetery(?), Anderson County, Kentucky [All this comes, so far, from Ancestral File].

He appeared on the 1785 tax list in Orange County, Virginia:

     Nicholas Leathers, white — 10 [Orange County, Virginia, Tax Lists ("Census substitutes")].

He also appeared on the tax list of 10 August 1800 in Franklin County, Kentucky [Kentucky, Reconstructed tax lists, 1800].

Children of Nicholas5 Leathers and an unknown spouse were as follows:

  • 8 i. Charles4 Leathers.

  • ii. Nicholas Leathers Jr; born 1770-1780 Virginia(?) [Census KY 1830 Anderson County, p. 100] -OR- born 1775? Orange County, Virginia [Winfield G. Leathers, query posted 1975, manuscript lineage, assorted notes and letters; Communication from Esther Newman] -OR- born c.1782 Orange County, Virginia [Ancestral File]; he and Frances Moore obtained a marriage license 8 October 1796 [sic] Franklin County, Kentucky (Consent of Joseph More, her father. Wit: Charles Leathers. Bond: Nicholas Leathers, Charles Leathers) [Ellsberry, Marriage Records of Franklin County, Kentucky, v. 1, p. 3]; married Frances Moore 4 October 1798 [sic] Franklin County, Kentucky; died 12 March 1838 Anderson County, Kentucky; buried in Nicholas Leathers Cemetery, Anderson County, Kentucky [Winfield G. Leathers, query posted 1975, manuscript lineage, assorted notes and letters; Communication from Esther Newman].

    He appeared on the census of 1830 Anderson County, Kentucky:

         Leathers, Nicholas
              Males: 5-10 - 1          Females: 10-15 - 1
                        20-30 - 1                         40-50 - 1
                        50-60 - 1

    Nicholas Jr. wrote a will before 12 March 1838 Anderson County, Kentucky:

            No. 40. I, Nicholas Leathers of the County of Anderson and State of Kentucky, being now diseased in body but sound in mind and of disposing memory, and knowing it appointed to man and to ___ ____ order to meet that w____, dispose of my Earthly goods, _____ which it hath pleased Almighty God to ____p___d in the following manner and ____ ______:
            Item 1st: I will that after my death all my just debts to be paid.
            Item 2nd: I will and bequeath to my beloved Wife Fanny Leathers, during her Natural Life or her Widowhood, all my estate of every description of which I may die possessed, but if she should marry then she is to have her thirds.
            Item 3rd: And after the death of my said Wife, I will all my lands to my son Alfred Leathers and his heirs forever, together with all my farming utensils, and one-half of all the Stock that may be on hand at the death of my said Wife.
            Item 4th: The remainder of my estate not otherwise disposed of, I will to the rest of my children and their heirs to be Equally divided among them.
            Item 5th: I appoint my son John Leathers Executor to this my last Will and Testament hereby forsaking all others heretofore made.
            In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this _____ day of ________ 1838.
            Witness Persons                                             Nicholas Leathers (his   X   mark)
            John Buny(?)
            Jeremiah Anderson


    State of Kentucky, Anderson County
            I, Jordan H. Walker, Clerk of the County Court for the County aforesaid, do certify that at a County Court held for the County aforesaid, at the Court House in the Town of Lawrenceburg, on Monday the 11th day of June 1838, this _____ing preparatory to ___ the Last Will and Testament of Nicholas Leathers, dec., was produced in Court and proven by the Oaths of John Buny and Jeremiah Anderson, the two subscribing witnesses thereto, to be the act and deed of the said Nicholas Leathers, whereupon the said writing together with this certificant, hath been duly admitted to Record in my Office, being under my hand the 13th day of June 1838.

            Jordan H. Walker, Clk
    [Anderson County, Kentucky Will Books, Book A, pp. 44-45]

  • iii. Sally Leathers; born c1776 Virginia; died Kentucky(?) [Ancestral File].

  • iv. Caty Leathers; born c1778 Virginia [Ancestral File].

  • v. Benjamin Leathers; born c1784 Virginia; died c1798 Kentucky [Ancestral File].

  • vi. John Leathers; born 1780-1790 Virginia(?).

    He appeared on the census of 1830 Campbell County, Kentucky:

         Leathers, John
              Males: 5-10 - 1          Females: 5-10 - 1
                       10-15 - 1                        10-15 - 1
                       15-20 - 1                        15-20 - 3
                       20-30 - 1                        40-50 - 1
                       40-50 - 1

              SLAVES
              Males: under 10 - 2          Females: under 10 - 3
                              10-24 - 3                               10-24 - 1
                              24-36 - 1                               24-36 - 2
                                                                            36-55 - 1
                                                                          55-100 - 1

  • vii. Jonathan Leathers; born 1776-1794; died after 1834 Stampers Creek, Orange County, Indiana [Ancestral File]; buried in Copeland Cemetery?, Stampers Creek, Orange County, Indiana [Ancestral File].

    He appeared on the 1820 census of Orange County, Indiana:

         Leathers, Jonathan
              Males: under 10 - 3          Females: under 10 - 2
                              26-44 - 1                               10-15 - 1
                                                                            16-25 - 1






18. Samuel5 Arbuckle. Born before 1750 probably in Maryland. Married Barbara —(?)—.

Samuel gave written permission for his ward's marriage:

Franklin County October 19th Day, 1798.
      Sir: please to grant Leave for Charles Leathers and Nancy Arbuckle to be Married Where unto I have given my Consent and set my hand.
            Samuel [his  X  mark] Arbuckle gardien.

Note: The word "guardian" following his name suggests that Samuel may have been an uncle or brother, rather than Nancy's father. . . .

Known children of Samuel5 Arbuckle and Barbara —(?)— were as follows:

  • 9 i. Nancy4 Arbuckle.

  • ii. Hannah Arbuckle; married John Pointer 1 June 1799 in Franklin County, Kentucky.

  • iii. John Arbuckle; married Fanny Ward 7 March 1800 in Franklin County, Kentucky.

  • iv. Vicey Arbuckle; married John Burtain 15 June 1803 in Franklin County, Kentucky.






Generation Six

32. John6 Leathers (also spelled Leatherer) (Johann Lederer, #64). Born c1736 Culpepper County, Virginia. Married Ann —(?)— (see #33) c1753 Culpepper County(?) (or in Orange County?), Virginia. Died September 1818 Orange County, Virginia [all this, so far, according only to Ancestral File].

He appeared on the 1782 tax list of Orange County, Virginia:

     white - 14
     [Orange County, Virginia, Tax Lists].

He also appeared on the 1785 tax list of Orange County, Virginia:
     white - 13
     dwellings - 1
     other buildings - 2
     [Orange County, Virginia, Tax Lists].

Children of John6 Leathers and Ann Unknown (see #33) were as follows:

  • 16 i. Nicholas5 Leathers.

  • ii. Nancy Leathers; born c1758 Culpepper County, Virginia; died after 1818 Orange County(?), Virginia [Ancestral File].

  • iii. John Leathers; born c1764 Orange County(?), Virginia [Ancestral File].

  • iv. Moses Leathers; born before 1775 Orange County(?), Virginia.

    He appeared on the census of 1820 Jefferson County, Kentucky:

         Leathers, Moses (agriculture - 1)
              Males:      10-16 - 1          Females: under 10 - 1
                            over 45 - 1                              10-16 - 1
                                                                            16-26 - 1
                                                                            26-45 - 1






33. Ann6 —(?)—. Born c1738 Virginia(?). Married John Leathers (see #32), son of Johann Paulus Lederer and Margaret Clore, c.1753 Culpepper County(?) (or Orange County?), Virginia. Died c.1764 Orange County, Virginia [all according, so far, to Ancestral File].






Generation Seven

64. Johann Paulus7 Lederer (also spelled Leatherer) (Johann, #128). Born 17 January 1709 Schwaigern, Germany; married Margaret Clore (see #65), daughter of Michael Clore, before 20 June 1751 Culpepper County, Virginia [The Germanna Record (Culpepper, VA: National Foundation of the Germanna Colonies, 1981?), No. __[?], pp. 3-9]. Died 5 November 1780 Bromfield Parish, Culpepper County, Virginia [Culpepper County, Virginia, Will Books, Bk C, p. 146].

He immigrated on 18 September 1733 to Culpepper County, Virginia from Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania [Strassburger, Pennsylvania German Pioneers, Vol. 1, pp. 72, 76 & 78; Germanna Record, No. 6, p. 87].

He wrote a will before 5 November 1780 Bromfield Parish, Culpepper County, Virginia [the original of which I have not yet seen], in which he mentions his wife, Margaret, and children Michael, Nicholas, Samuel, John, Paul, Joshua, Susannah Leatherer, Mary Yowell, and Margaret Leatherer. The will was probated 21 November 1780 Culpepper County, Virginia
[Germanna Record, No. 6, p. 87; Culpepper County, Virginia, Will Books, Bk C, p. 146].

Children of Johann Paulus7 Lederer and Margaret Clore (see #65) were as follows:

  • 32 i. John6 Leathers.

  • ii. Paul Lederer; born c1737 Culpepper County, Virginia [Ancestral File].

  • iii. Nicholas Lederer; born c1738 Culpepper County, Virginia [Ancestral File].

  • iv. Michael Lederer; born c1740 Culpepper County, Virginia; died South Carolina [Ancestral File].

  • v. Joshua Lederer; born c1742 Culpepper County, Virginia [Ancestral File].

  • vi. Margaret Lederer; born c1744 Culpepper County, Virginia [Ancestral File].

  • vii. Susanna Lederer; born c1746 Culpepper County, Virginia [Ancestral File].

  • viii. Samuel Lederer; born c1753 Culpepper County, Virginia; died before 1820 Culpepper County, Virginia [Ancestral File].

  • ix. Mary Lederer; born c1755 Virginia; died after 1800 [Ancestral File].






65. Margaret7 Clore [also spelled Klore] (Michael, #130). Born c1712 Virginia(?) (or Germany?) [according to Ancestral File] - OR - before 1720 Spotsylvania County, Virginia [Germanna Record, No. __[?], pp. 3-9. Married Johann Paulus Lederer (see #64), son of Johann Thomas Lederer and Anna Margaretha Stumpf, before 20 June 1751 Culpepper County, Virginia [Germanna Record, No. __[?], pp. 3-9] Died after 1755 Culpepper County, Virginia [according to Ancestral File].






Generation Eight

128. Johann Thomas8 Lederer (Philipp, #256). Born 9 July 1677 Schwaigern, Germany. Married Anna Margaretha Stumpf (see #129), daughter of Peter Stumpf Jr and Anna Margaretha Kober, 31 October 1710 Schwaigern, Germany [all according to Ancestral File].

Children of Johann Thomas8 Lederer and Anna Margaretha Stumpf (see #129) were:






129. Anna Margaretha8 Stumpf (Peter, #258). Born c1680 Germany. Married Johann Thomas Lederer (see #128), son of Philipp Jakobus Lederer and Anna Barbara Ebermann, 31 October 1710 Schwaigern, Germany. Died 27 September 1746 Schwaigern, Germany [all according to Ancestral File].






130. Michael8 Clore. Born c1690 Germany. Married 1st Barbara —(?)— before 1710 Germany. Married 2nd Anne Elizabeth —(?)— 1752-1761 Culpepper County, Virginia (her 2nd husband?) [Germanna Record, No. __[?], pp. 3-9].

Michael Clore's land was in Spotsylvania County (1721-1734), then Orange County (1734-1748), then Culpepper County (1749-1793), then Madison County (1793- ). His baptismal name was John Michael [Germanna Record, No. __[?], pp. 3-9]. He immigrated in 1717 from Spotsylvania County, Virginia, bound as a servant for 7 years [Germanna Record, No. 6, p. 87].

Michael was among those being sued 7 July 1724 by Col. Spotswood for failure to pay the costs of his own transportation to Virginia — but he agreed to pay and was unsuited. (The others in the suit had to serve an additional year.) [Germanna Record, No. __[?], pp. 3-9].

He received 400 acres on the site of the present village of Criglersville on 24 June 1726 Robinson River, Spotsylvania County, Virginia [Germanna Record, No. __[?], pp. 3-9, citing Virginia Patent Book 12, p. 477].

On 2 August 1727 in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, on petition of M. Robert Spottswood, Michael Holt was removed as surveyor of the "Mountain Road" and Michael Clore appointed in his place [Germanna Record, No. __[?], pp. 3-9].

He received 698 acres adjoining his earlier patent; joint grant with John Clore on 28 September 1728 Robinson River, Spotsylvania County, Virginia [Germanna Record, No. __[?], pp. 3-9, citing Virginia Patent Book 13, p. 391].

About 1733, he was described as one of the wardens in the church accounts [Germanna Record, No. __[?], pp. 3-9].

On 18 February 1734 Orange County, Virginia, he was appointed surveyor from Potato Run up to the mountains [Germanna Record, No. __[?], pp. 3-9].

At about the same time, he was paid for two quarts of brandy which he provided for use at the raising of the minister's house [Germanna Record, No. __[?], pp. 3-9].

He petitioned the court on 15 July 1735 Clore's Run, Orange County, Virginia, to be allowed to build a water-powered grist mill on Clore's Run. The land of Susanna Crigler lay opposite and she refused to sell him an acre of land for that use. He prayed for a court order to compell her to sell him the land [Germanna Record, No. __[?], pp. 3-9].

He sued Zachary Martin for a small debt and won on 24 November 1739 Orange County, Virginia [Germanna Record, No. __[?], pp. 3-9].

He was described in a lawsuit as one of the Elders of the German congregation on 24 May 1740 Orange County, Virginia [Germanna Record, No. __[?], pp. 3-9].

On 17 September 1741, Orange County, Virginia, he acquired one acre from Philip Roote (not from Susanna Crigler!) on which to build his grist mill [Germanna Record, No. __[?], pp. 3-9].

He wrote a will on 10 May 1762 Culpepper County, Virginia [the original of which I have not yet seen], in which he mentions his wife, Elizabeth, sons John and Peter (who are named as executors), daughter Agnes Margaret (wife of Michael O'Neale), daughter Margaret (wife of Paul Leatherer), and grandchildren — the children of daughter Catherine, late wife of Martin Walk [Wallick], and also the children of George Clore, dec'd. His personal property was considerable and he owned more than 640 acres of land, making him well-to-do by contemporary standards.

Will witnessed by Christopher Kreeglar, Henry Jones, and George Row, and brought into court by John Clore, "the surviving executor." Elizabeth renounced in court all benefit accruing to her by the will; apparently she had married Michael Clore rather recently and probably had income from other sources [Germanna Record, No. __[?], pp. 3-9, citing Culpepper County Will Bk A, p. 315].

Children of Michael8 Clore and an unknown spouse were:






Generation Nine

256. Philipp Jakobus9 Lederer (Paulus, #512). Born 7 March 1645 Schwaigern, Germany. Married Anna Barbara Ebermann (see #257), daughter of Johannes Ebermann and Sybilla —(?)—, 23 October 1670 Schwaigern, Germany. Died 24 November 1685 Schwaigern, Germany [all according to Ancestral File].

Children of Philipp Jakobus9 Lederer and Anna Barbara Ebermann (see #257) were:






257. Anna Barbara9 Ebermann (Johannes, #514). Born c1648 Germany. Married Philipp Jakobus Lederer (see #256), son of Paulus Lederer and Margaretha Phillippa Vatter, 23 October 1670 Schwaigern, Germany. Died 31 March 1682 Schwaigern, Germany [all according to Ancestral File].






258. Peter9 Stumpf Jr (Peter, #516). Born 1 March 1651 Schwaigern, Germany. Married Anna Margaretha Kober (see #259), daughter of Hans Christoph Kober and Katherina —(?)—, 30 June 1677 Schwaigern, Germany. Died 22 July 1713 Schwaigern, Germany [all according to Ancestral File].

Children of Peter9 Stumpf Jr and Anna Margaretha Kober (see #259) were:






259. Anna Margaretha9 Kober (Hans, #518). Born 11 December 1646 Schwaigern, Germany. Married Peter Stumpf Jr (see #258), son of Peter Stumpf and Anna Margaretha —(?)—, 30 June 1677 Schwaigern, Germany. Died 26 April 1671 Schwaigern, Germany [all according to Ancestral File].






Generation Ten

512. Paulus10 Lederer. Born February 1607 Cliechenberg-Württemberg, Germany. Married Margaretha Phillippa Vatter (see #513) 29 July 1640 Schwaigern, Germany. Died 27 September 1677 Schwaigern, Germany [all according to Ancestral File].

Children of Paulus10 Lederer and Margaretha Phillippa Vatter (see #513) were:






513. Margaretha Phillippa10 Vatter. Born November 1619 Assamstadt, Germany. Married Paulus Lederer (see #512) 29 July 1640 Schwaigern, Germany. Died 29 December 1697 Schwaigern, Germany [all according to Ancestral File].






514. Johannes10 Ebermann. Born 17 February 1606 Schwaigern, Germany. Married Sybilla —(?)— (see #515) c1644 Schwaigern, Germany. Died 6 Jan 1655 Schwaigern, Germany [all according to Ancestral File & Famiy Search Pedigree Resource File].

Children of Johannes10 Ebermann and Sybilla Unknown (see #515) were:






515. Sybilla10 —(?)—. Born c1610 Schwaigern, Germany. Married Johannes Ebermann (see #514) c1644 Schwaigern, Germany. Died after 6 January1655? Schwaigern, Germany [Ancestral File & Famiy Search Pedigree Resource File].






516. Peter10 Stumpf. Born c1604 Schwaigern, Germany. Married Anna Margaretha —(?)— (see #517) Schwaigern, Germany. Died 23 September 1678 Schwaigern, Germany [all according to Ancestral File].

Children of Peter10 Stumpf and Anna Margaretha —(?)— (see #517) were:






517. Anna Margaretha10 —(?)—. Born c1613 Germany. Married Peter Stumpf (see #516) Schwaigern, Germany. Died 22 February 1690 Schwaigern, Germany [all according to Ancestral File].






518. Hans Christoph10 Kober. Born 28 February 1609 Schwaigern, Wüuttemberg. Married Katherina —(?)— (see #519) Schwaigern, Wüuttemberg. Died 28 January1663 Schwaigern, Wüuttemberg [all according to Ancestral File].

Children of Hans Christoph10 Kober and Katherina Unknown (see #519) were:






519. Katherina10 —(?)—; born c1610 Germany. Married Hans Christoph Kober (see #518) Schwaigern, Wüuttemberg. Died 11 September 1671 Schwaigern, Wüuttemberg [all according to Ancestral File].